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PAM® Demystified: How to Tackle (and Crush) the Case-Based Exam!

Posted by Talin Amadian on November 23, 2020 at 10:10 AM

In the previous blog post, we talked about the similarities and differences between NBEO® Part I and NBEO® Part II. Taking all of the differences into consideration, it is important to know exactly how to dive into a PAM® case and answer the questions effectively and efficiently.

The NBEO® website offers many tools that can be used to study as well as a handful of real PAM® cases to familiarize you with the format. As mentioned before, it is very important to have access to quality PAM® cases written by experts to make sure all of the important points are covered while preparing for the exam.

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Topics: PAM

How NBEO Part II Is Different From Any Test You’ve Ever Taken

Posted by Talin Amadian on November 10, 2020 at 9:00 AM

Chances are that if you’ve made it through the first three years of optometry school, then you probably know how to take an exam. Exams are a part of the standard process of learning.

However, NBEO® Part II is structured very differently from all of the rest of the exams that you have taken during and prior to optometry school. Because the format is unfamiliar to most, the way you study should be tailored to this format in order to avoid unnecessary amounts of stress and common mistakes during the examination.

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Topics: Part II, NBEO Part II

Treat This Simple Condition and Become an Eye Care Hero! 

Posted by Talin Amadian on October 28, 2020 at 1:19 PM


Most patients dismiss itchy eyes thinking that this common symptom is tied to their seasonal allergies, which they’ve learned to deal with over the years. Many go on with their day-to-day lives accepting that itchy eyes are normal and there to stay.

The worst part is, some will just use any and every eye drop they find in hopes of relief, not knowing that just like many other conditions, the incorrect medication will very often make the condition worse.

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Topics: Allergies

After Reading This, You Won’t Prescribe The Wrong Antiviral Medication Ever Again!

Posted by Talin Amadian on October 20, 2020 at 11:32 AM

Optometry students and even young optometrists often fear the day they see their first viral infection, regardless of the etiology. In fact, viral infections can be one of the trickiest types of infections to treat. Starting off, I had a hard time knowing what to prescribe and when to prescribe in terms of viral conjunctivitis.

However, I’ve figured out that the once intimidating antiviral class of drugs is probably one of the easiest classes of drugs to prescribe and differentiate!

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Topics: Antiviral Medication

Are You Ignoring This Critical Element When Prescribing Antibiotics?

Posted by Talin Amadian on October 16, 2020 at 11:01 AM

Antibiotics are one of the most common types of pharmaceuticals prescribed by physicians. There are many different classes of antibiotics, each useful for a different subset of conditions.

Antibiotics are mainly used for, but not limited to, conditions related to the front surface of the eye. Many practitioners pick their antibiotic of choice and prescribe, overlooking the general health and allergic history of the patient. 

Today, we will review the many different antibiotics relevant to eye care and available to ODs, their indications, and most importantly, when to use caution!

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Topics: Antibiotics

What Every Optometry Student Needs to Know about Miotics and Combination Drugs

Posted by Talin Amadian on September 29, 2020 at 11:37 AM

In the last two blog posts we discussed details about the key players in glaucoma treatment and management. It is important to note that we sometimes can combine these medications together to increase patient compliance and convenience.

In efforts to wrap up our comprehensive outline of common glaucoma medications, we will discuss a group of less widely used glaucoma medications, miotics, as well as review the combination drugs that are popular and available today!

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Topics: Miotics, Combination Drugs

What I Learned About CAIs/Alpha-2 Agonists That Will Help Any Optometry Student

Posted by Talin Amadian on September 22, 2020 at 12:30 PM

In the last blog post, we covered first-line glaucoma medications, Prostaglandin analogs, and Beta-blockers. Besides these key players, there are a few more categories of glaucoma medications that surely deserve recognition. Let’s review alpha-2 agonists and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors!

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Topics: Agonists, CAI's, Alpha-2

Everything You Need to Know about Prostaglandin Analogs & Beta-Blockers

Posted by Talin Amadian on September 12, 2020 at 8:54 AM

So you’ve completed your entire Glaucoma workup, what’s next? The hardest part about prescribing glaucoma medications is figuring out where to start. With so many drugs available on the market, it can become very overwhelming, especially when you are in a time crunch in between patients.

Though each patient has a different clinical presentation, overall knowledge of the various Glaucoma drug categories and their mechanism-of-action will guide you through this process. 

Here’s a refresher of the two most common first-line glaucoma drugs!

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Topics: Analogs, Beta-Blockers

Why Every Optometry Student Should Know This About Miotics and Combination Drugs

Posted by Talin Amadian on August 1, 2020 at 9:25 AM

It is important to note that we sometimes can combine these medications together to increase patient compliance and convenience.

In efforts to wrap up our comprehensive outline of common glaucoma medications, today we will discuss a group of less widely used glaucoma medications, miotics, as well as review the combination drugs that are popular and available today!

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Topics: Miotics

Tips for Talking to Your Patients About PRK Surgery

Posted by Amanda Dexter on April 30, 2020 at 3:47 PM

Most of your patients will tell you that they know a fair amount about LASIK surgery. They’ve researched it, their friends or family members have had it done, they hear ads on the radio for it, etc.

But not everyone who is interested in laser vision correction is a good candidate for LASIK surgery. In some cases, patients may be best served by having PRK (photorefractive keratectomy) instead. Although still widely performed, most people have never even heard of PRK surgery.

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Topics: PRK Surgery

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