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6 Mimickers of a 6th Cranial Nerve Palsy

Posted by Amanda Dexter on Sep 16, 2019 12:20:56 PM

The abducens nerve (6th cranial nerve) controls a single extraocular muscle; the lateral rectus. The lateral rectus is primarily responsible for abducting the eye. A palsy of the abducens nerve is the most common ocular motor paralysis; the affected eye turns inward toward the nose and is unable to abduct properly.

The deviation is constant and is typically greater at distance fixation than at near. The esotropia is also more noticeable when the patient is looking toward the affected side. Diagnosis of a 6th cranial nerve palsy may seem pretty straight forward when piecing together the patient’s history and examination findings; however, you should keep in mind that there are several conditions that may imitate isolated lateral rectus weakness.

We will review these 6 mimickers of a 6th nerve palsy for your review!

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Topics: Cranial Nerve, 6th Cranial Nerve Palsy

Everything You Need to Know About Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy

Posted by Amanda Dexter on Sep 10, 2019 7:03:16 PM

The fourth cranial nerve (trochlear nerve) controls the actions of a single extraocular muscle; the superior oblique. The trochlear nerve has several unique aspects; it is the smallest nerve in terms of the number of axons it contains, it has the longest course through the skull than any other cranial nerve, it is the only cranial nerve that exits through the dorsal aspect of the brainstem, and it innervates the superior oblique muscle on the contralateral side from its nucleus.

Diseases or injuries of the fourth cranial nerve can lead to paralysis or weakness of the superior oblique muscle which will cause certain signs and symptoms that you will see upon examination.

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Topics: Cranial Nerve

Pupil-Involved vs. Pupil-Sparing Acquired Oculomotor Nerve Palsy

Posted by Amanda Dexter on Sep 4, 2019 1:20:27 PM

Optometrists are often on the front-line when it comes to diagnosis of certain medical conditions, as many disorders can present with ocular signs and symptoms as the initial indicators of disease. With that being said, there are a few conditions that you don’t want to miss as the first physician to see the patient; an acquired third nerve palsy is one of them.

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Topics: Pupil-Involved, Pupil-Sparing, Oculomotor Nerve Palsy

Did You Know Optometry Student: Myotonic Dystrophy

Posted by Amanda Dexter on Aug 26, 2019 9:00:00 AM

Optometry Student, Did you know that approximately 90% of patients with myotonic dystrophy will develop cataracts in the third decade of life?

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Topics: Facts

Optometry Student: The 3 Main Signs of Diabetes

Posted by Amanda Dexter on Aug 7, 2019 4:00:00 PM

Optometry Student, do you know the three signs of Diabetes?

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Topics: Diabetes, Facts

Transitioning from Optometry Student to Optometrist

Posted by Amanda Dexter on Jul 29, 2019 2:13:48 PM

As you 4th year optometry students begin your final year of school, you’ll find that these last months will fly right on by! Before you know it, you’ll be walking across the stage at graduation and then out on your own as a doctor.

There are several things that you should start preparing for during your final year to ensure that once graduation passes, you’ll be ready to fly solo. We’ve compiled a list of items to help start your transition from optometry student to optometrist.

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Topics: 4th Year Student, Optometry School

What Optometry Students Should (and Should Not) Wear to Clinic

Posted by Amanda Dexter on Jul 15, 2019 9:00:00 AM

Most optometry schools will provide incoming students with some general dress code guidelines for clinic, and in some cases, standards for even just attending classes. The most important reason for a dress code is to ensure that students are presenting themselves in a professional manner as they are a not only a representation of the school, but of the profession of optometry as well.

Most optometry students are not used to dressing in this manner on a daily basis, so it may take a little time and experimenting with different clothing and shoes options to find that perfect balance of professionalism and comfort. We’ve come up with several tips to help get your clinic wardrobe started!

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Topics: Clinics, Dress Code

Top 5 Tips for Taking a Thorough Case History

Posted by Amanda Dexter on Jul 8, 2019 9:00:00 AM
Taking a thorough case history is one of the very most important parts of your entire examination. It is a time for you to just sit down and talk to your patient and formulate a picture of the patient’s overall health status. You’ll inquire about their medical conditions, medications, and family history to help determine risk factors for certain conditions.
You’ll also learn about their previous ocular conditions and their history with glasses and/or contact lens wear. All of this information will be extremely helpful when working through their chief complaint and history of present illness to come up with some possible diagnoses which will also aid in guiding your examination.
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Topics: Case History

How to Impress Your Staff Doctors in Clinic

Posted by Amanda Dexter on Jul 3, 2019 3:03:59 PM

Whether you are just beginning your first year of optometry school  spending most of your timef shadowing in clinic or you are in your fourth year at your external clinical rotation sites, we’ve come up with several tips to help you excel in clinic and impress your staff doctors!

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Topics: Clinics

NBEO® Settles Class Action Lawsuit Awarding $3.25 Million to Alleged Data Breach Victims

Posted by Amanda Dexter on Apr 22, 2019 1:22:11 PM


Remember back to 2016 when optometrists and optometry students started receiving notifications that they had applied for Chase Amazon Visa credit cards, along with other random credit inquiries? The information that was breached seemed to all funnel back to the National Board of Examiners in Optometry (NBEO®).

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Topics: NBEO Security Breach

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